Publication date: 
June 5, 2018

This Visualizing Health Metrics infographic, based on estimates from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016, sheds light on global trends in mortality attributable to high systolic blood pressure (SBP) from 1990 through 2016. During this period, most countries saw a decrease in death rates due to high SBP, with notable exceptions including Lesotho and Burkina Faso. Countries with the largest decreases in high SBP death rates were South Korea and Israel . In contrast, the number of global deaths due to high SBP increased, with China, India, Russia, United States, and Indonesia having the highest numbers of deaths. In 2016, death rates due to high SBP were higher for men than for women across most World Health Organization (WHO) regions, with the exception of Africa. The Western Pacific had the highest mortality ratio of men to women at 1.6. Between 1990 and 2016, there was little change in the underlying causes of death due to high SBP, with ischemic heart disease and stroke accounting for more than 75% of these deaths both years.

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Marczak L, Williams J, Loeffler M, et al. Global Deaths Attributable to High Systolic Blood Pressure, 1990-2016. JAMA. 5 June 2018; 319(21):2163. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.5119.