Published in The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), This Visualizing Health Metrics infographic, based on the Global Burden of Disease 2013 study, provides information on changes in mortality rates for children younger than 5 years, for both sexes, from 1990 to 2013. Children younger than 5 years composed the majority of the total number of deaths of all children and adolescents aged 0 to 19 years in 1990 and 2013. Between 1990 and 2013, the number of deaths of children younger than 5 years decreased for all World Health Organization (WHO) regions, with slowest declines within the Africa region. Over the same time period, the Southeast Asia and Africa regions maintained the highest numbers of deaths for children younger than 5 years among all WHO regions. In 2013, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and China had the highest numbers of deaths for children younger than 5 years, while the highest rates of mortality for children younger than 5 years were concentrated in countries in Africa.