In 2000, world leaders agreed to the United Nations Millennium Declaration, which aimed to reduce poverty, hunger, and disease. The eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) further specified targets to be met by 2015. Since 2007, IHME has studied progress toward the three health-related goals:
- MDG 4: Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-5 mortality rate.
- MDG 5: Reduce by three-quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio (number of pregnancy-related deaths per 100,000 live births).
- MDG 6: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS and the incidence of malaria and other major diseases, such as tuberculosis.
In 2014, IHME published comprehensive updates to Global Burden of Disease estimates associated with these goals in a series of papers in The Lancet. Along with our MDG data visualization, these showed which countries were on track to meet the goals by 2015 and where progress was lagging.
New HIV infections dropped by almost one-third from the epidemic peak; TB deaths declined by 3.7% between 2000 and 2013; child deaths from malaria in sub-Saharan Africa have dropped 31.5% in the past decade. Despite major progress, the quality of programs to treat HIV varies widely.