Today, on the heels of a Lancet study that found an 18 year difference in life expectancy for men, and 14 year difference for women, Public Health Insider caught up with our Health Officer, Dr. Jeff Duchin, to talk about neighborhood-level data and how it informs our work.
September 5, 2017
August 23, 2017
Rheumatic heart disease ranks as one of the most serious cardiovascular scourges of the past century. As a result of improvements in living conditions and the introduction of penicillin, the disease was almost eradicated in the developed world by the 1980s. However, it remains a force to be reckoned with in the developing world, as demonstrated by an assessment from the 2015 Global Burden of Disease study (GBD 2015), painstakingly performed by Watkins and colleagues and reported in this issue of the Journal.
August 4, 2017
Without understanding the challenges facing populations in this region, one cannot identify the way forward in improving their health and fulfilling their aspirations.
The rate of mental disorder burden is higher than the global average for almost all EMR countries. There is a clear trend of increasing burden of mental disorders in the EMR from 1990 to 2015, and this increase is particularly striking in the richer countries of the region.
July 26, 2017
On May 23, 2017, President Donald Trump released his FY 2018 budget request to Congress that includes approximately $2.5 billion in cuts to global health. In t
June 28, 2017
We’re living with an virus-like disease sweeping our nation. Nearly every community is affected. The rates of death rise year after year. It’s the second-leading killer of men in their thirties, making the disease an even bigger threat to their health than being murdered with firearms. This killer sweeping the nation: opioid use.
June 21, 2017
If we are trying to rigorously generate population health estimates, we need to open up the scientific debate. The GATHER guidelines form a checklist that any researcher can use to make sure that the global health estimates they are producing are making the maximum contribution to the field of health metrics and ultimately to evidence-based decision-making.
May 16, 2017
Americans are living longer than ever before, thanks in large part to NIH-supported research. But a new, heavily publicized study shows that recent gains in longevity aren’t being enjoyed equally in all corners of the United States.
April 19, 2017
April 10, 2017
Since John Graunt's analyses of the Bills of Mortality in London, UK, in 1662, observations of premature deaths have driven public health actions—from John Snow's apocryphal removal of the handle on the Broad Street pump during the 1854 cholera outbreak to the international response to the 2013–16 outbreak of Ebola virus disease in west Africa.
April 5, 2017
A new report in The Lancet using data from the Global Burden of Disease Study adds quantitative detail to an already extensive international literature on the health impact of the global tobacco epidemic by providing comprehensive estimates of death and disability caused by smoking at the country level.
March 23, 2017
Although knowledge about global health financing has expanded over the past two decades, major gaps remain. We know little, for example, about how much governments spend on major disease areas, how these amounts have evolved over time and how countries compare. A global health financing data revolution is sorely needed. The suite of papers that make up this special issue underline the importance of reliable information about financial resources for health.
November 8, 2016
After more than a decade of immense growth, development assistance for health has flatlined. DAH fueled a scale up of antiretrovirals, insecticide-treated bed nets, vaccinations and a host of important global health interventions. Over the same period, the spread of a number of infectious diseases was reversed, reducing premature death and disability across the developing world. The plateau in international funding may threaten to slow progress or even roll back these gains.
October 10, 2016
Bill Gates explains in this Gates Notes post using Global Burden of Disease study results why, "Malaria is the key reason mosquitoes are the deadliest animal in the world."
July 19, 2016
In the past two decades, thanks to effective antiretroviral treatment (ART), enormous progress has been made in improving the health and life expectancy of HIV-infected individuals.1 The success of ART, combined with the benefits of treatment as prevention and pre-exposure prophylaxis on HIV transmission, have generated new hope to end the HIV/AIDS epidemics.2 Translation of this hope into universal reality will need accelerated efforts to ensure rapid access to ART and to extend HIV prevention services to reach the most affected populations and regions.
July 5, 2016
Christopher Murray, Director of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, discusses the Guidelines for Accurate and Transparent Health Estimates Reporting (GATHER) statement and the importance of ensuring accurate and transparent reporting of public health research.
May 9, 2016
Unprecedented global forces are shaping the health and well-being of the largest generation of 10 to 24 year olds in human history. Population mobility, global communications, economic development, and the sustainability of ecosystems are setting the future course for this generation and, in turn, humankind. At the same time, we have come to new understandings of adolescence as a critical phase in life for achieving human potential.
April 13, 2016
April 4, 2016
Before leaving home for a trip to the market, you likely know how much you plan to spend and how much food you will get for your money. This basic understanding of how much food your money will buy allows you to budget effectively and makes your shopping experience much less stressful. For most purchases, it is critical to understand how much money you have and what that money will purchase, Unfortunately, this basic concept is all too often absent in health systems, particularly in primary health care (PHC) systems.
March 15, 2016
December 7, 2015
Uganda has achieved large gains against malaria through improving intervention delivery. At the same time, this year’s outbreak in northern Uganda highlights a need for stronger, more focal monitoring of malaria needs. No magic bullet exists against malaria, nor will a one-size-fits-all solution work to end the disease. But by harnessing local evidence and devising multipronged, targeted programs, Uganda aims to accelerate toward its goal of reaching zero malaria.
November 12, 2015
We know what works to fight pneumonia in children. Improving access to prompt diagnosis and treatment of pneumonia and scaling up vaccines that protect children against particularly deadly strains has occurred in many countries. So why has progress against pneumonia fallen behind?
October 30, 2015
China’s emphasis on providing primary health care to even the most remote areas has paid off. Yet, despite impressive health progress, massive disparities persist within China.
October 29, 2015
Twenty-five years ago, the state of public health for large populations was like that of a doctor trying to treat a patient without a proper diagnosis. The diseases and injuries that cut lives short and caused widespread suffering were not rigorously tracked. To address this problem, Alan Lopez and Christopher Murray launched the Global Burden of Disease project (GBD) in 1990. Decision-makers need information about the world’s biggest health threats and how they have changed over time, across age groups, and by sex, so they can ensure that everyone has the opportunity to live the longest, healthiest life possible.
October 1, 2015
In the era of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), regular reporting of specific health indicators drew public and policy attention, and ultimately resources, to causes such as maternal and child health. On Sept 25–27, 2015, the UN Sustainable Development Summit was held in New York, NY, USA, leading to the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by the UN General Assembly. On the basis of the lessons learned from the MDGs, the indicators chosen for each SDG target will probably determine the amount of action and attention each target receives.