In the past two decades, thanks to effective antiretroviral treatment (ART), enormous progress has been made in improving the health and life expectancy of HIV-infected individuals.1 The success of ART, combined with the benefits of treatment as prevention and pre-exposure prophylaxis on HIV transmission, have generated new hope to end the HIV/AIDS epidemics.2 Translation of this hope into universal reality will need accelerated efforts to ensure rapid access to ART and to extend HIV prevention services to reach the most affected populations and regions.
July 19, 2016
July 5, 2016
Christopher Murray, Director of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, discusses the Guidelines for Accurate and Transparent Health Estimates Reporting (GATHER) statement and the importance of ensuring accurate and transparent reporting of public health research.
June 13, 2016
For a man who goes by the moniker ‘Dr Death’, Alan Lopez has saved a lot of lives. So many millions of lives it’s impossible to count. But he’s not a doctor.
May 9, 2016
Unprecedented global forces are shaping the health and well-being of the largest generation of 10 to 24 year olds in human history. Population mobility, global communications, economic development, and the sustainability of ecosystems are setting the future course for this generation and, in turn, humankind. At the same time, we have come to new understandings of adolescence as a critical phase in life for achieving human potential.
April 13, 2016
April 4, 2016
Before leaving home for a trip to the market, you likely know how much you plan to spend and how much food you will get for your money. This basic understanding of how much food your money will buy allows you to budget effectively and makes your shopping experience much less stressful. For most purchases, it is critical to understand how much money you have and what that money will purchase, Unfortunately, this basic concept is all too often absent in health systems, particularly in primary health care (PHC) systems.
March 15, 2016
March 4, 2016
February 19, 2016
Pneumonia kills more children under five each year than any other infectious disease – causing over 900,000 deaths each year. With nearly 60% of child pneumonia deaths occurring in countries deemed as “fragile states," the time is now to rejuvenate funding and programmes targeting these geographies.
December 7, 2015
Uganda has achieved large gains against malaria through improving intervention delivery. At the same time, this year’s outbreak in northern Uganda highlights a need for stronger, more focal monitoring of malaria needs. No magic bullet exists against malaria, nor will a one-size-fits-all solution work to end the disease. But by harnessing local evidence and devising multipronged, targeted programs, Uganda aims to accelerate toward its goal of reaching zero malaria.
November 12, 2015
We know what works to fight pneumonia in children. Improving access to prompt diagnosis and treatment of pneumonia and scaling up vaccines that protect children against particularly deadly strains has occurred in many countries. So why has progress against pneumonia fallen behind?
October 30, 2015
China’s emphasis on providing primary health care to even the most remote areas has paid off. Yet, despite impressive health progress, massive disparities persist within China.
October 29, 2015
Twenty-five years ago, the state of public health for large populations was like that of a doctor trying to treat a patient without a proper diagnosis. The diseases and injuries that cut lives short and caused widespread suffering were not rigorously tracked. To address this problem, Alan Lopez and Christopher Murray launched the Global Burden of Disease project (GBD) in 1990. Decision-makers need information about the world’s biggest health threats and how they have changed over time, across age groups, and by sex, so they can ensure that everyone has the opportunity to live the longest, healthiest life possible.
October 2, 2015
Whenever a mass shooting occurs, a debate about gun violence ensues. An often-cited counter to the point about the United States’ high rates of gun homicides is that people in other countries kill one another at the same rate using different types of weapons. It’s not true. Compared to other countries, the United States has exceptional homicide rates, and it’s driven by gun violence.
October 1, 2015
In the era of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), regular reporting of specific health indicators drew public and policy attention, and ultimately resources, to causes such as maternal and child health. On Sept 25–27, 2015, the UN Sustainable Development Summit was held in New York, NY, USA, leading to the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by the UN General Assembly. On the basis of the lessons learned from the MDGs, the indicators chosen for each SDG target will probably determine the amount of action and attention each target receives.
September 17, 2015
If you asked the average global health professional to name the countries where alcohol caused the most health problems, what would they say?
September 16, 2015
Representatives of national governments are now coming together to set the next development agenda, under the umbrella of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), as the era of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) concludes. In order to attain the new goals, it may help to revisit what worked — and what didn't — in achieving the successes of the MDGs over the past 15 years.
September 15, 2015
Bill Gates reviews Epic Measures, the story of IHME Director Christopher Murray and the evolution of the Global Burden of Disease study, written by journalist Jeremy N. Smith.
Later this month, leaders from around the world will gather at the United Nations in New York to agree on the world’s development agenda for the next 15 years—what they’re calling the Global Goals. With the help of three videos featuring IHME Director Christopher Murray, Bill Gates reflects on the progress made in the last 15 years, guided by the Millennium Development Goals, and looks toward the next 15.
September 3, 2015
July 2015 saw two big milestones for Nigeria’s quest to eliminate polio. First, the country hit the one-year mark of recording zero polio cases, a significant achievement in global health. Second, Nigeria finished introducing the inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) into routine immunization systems in five more states, accelerating the new vaccine’s implementation.
July 30, 2015
In high-income countries, cervical cancer ranks in the bottom half of all new cancer cases – below gallbladder, mouth, or brain cancers. In places like Ethiopia, Ghana, and Uganda, and 20 other African countries, according to 2013 health surveys, it is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among women.
July 28, 2015
The negotiations for the next set of development goals have yielded hope for advocates fighting hepatitis. The disease made it under goal 3 in the draft outcome document that is expected to be adopted in September at the UN General Assembly, which means it now has a better chance of mobilizing resources. But just how much will it really take to bring the disease under control, and eventually eliminate it?
July 14, 2015
We have reached a defining moment in the AIDS response. Against all odds, we have achieved the AIDS targets of Millennium Development Goal 6. AIDS changed everything. In these pages are valuable insights and ground-breaking and heart-warming experiences from the innovative and exciting work that partners, communities and countries have done and are doing in the AIDS response. There are also heart-breaking stories about the challenges that still remain.