Eastern and Southern sub-Saharan Africa accounted for 55% of total deaths from HIV/AIDS in 2013. In most countries in these regions, deaths from the disease are dropping. Such progress, however, must be considered along with countries where death rates have stagnated or even increased.
August 11, 2014
August 1, 2014
Despite this progress, major challenges remain: there were an estimated 11.9 million cases of tuberculosis (TB) worldwide in 2013, including those individuals with HIV (11.2 million excluding those with HIV); more effective vaccines against the disease are badly needed; and multidrug resistant TB is a growing threat.
July 31, 2014
An AIDS fable: Once upon a time, in the years after AIDS went from being a death sentence to a manageable disease, at least for people rich enough to take antiretroviral therapy, many of the people who ran the world believed that these medicines weren’t appropriate for residents of very poor countries. Even leaving aside the cost, they thought that poor people couldn’t take their medicines on time. Andrew Natsios, the head of the United States Agency for International Development in the George W. Bush administration, argued against funding antiretroviral therapy in Africa. “People do not know what watches and clocks are,” he told the Boston Globe in June, 2001.
July 24, 2014
Death rates for people with HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria all have decreased globally since the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) were established in 2000, according to a report published Monday as part of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD).
July 21, 2014
The world has seen tremendous progress in the fight against HIV/AIDS over the last decade, documenting huge advances in treatment effectiveness, access to affordable drugs, and ways to prevent further transmission of the deadly virus.
July 11, 2014
As it turns out, Costa Rica has been scoring big on and off the soccer pitch – especially for child health. Between 1990 and 2010, the small Central American country documented a 48% decline in rates of premature mortality from preterm birth complications and a 53% decrease from neonatal encephalopathy.
July 10, 2014
Child mortality is widely recognized as an indicator of a community’s overall health, with reductions in child deaths often cited as evidence of the impact of a particular intervention.
June 24, 2014
While soccer fans globally have been following the excitement of the World Cup matches in Brazil, riots in the country have thrust its poverty and inequality into the international spotlight. While Brazil has made progress in reducing poverty and improving health, much work remains to improve well-being in the country.
June 13, 2014
While mass shootings attract a great deal of attention from the media here in America, is the problem overblown? The evidence suggests it is not. Gun violence is a leading cause of death among young men in the U.S.
June 5, 2014
It turns out that sexual violence is mostly perpetrated by people known to the victim – not strangers.
May 30, 2014
The global health community cannot afford to ignore the problem of obesity and overweight. Globally, it killed 3.4 million people in 2010 alone. According to new findings published as part of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013, more and more people in developing countries are joining the ranks of the world’s obese, especially women.
May 23, 2014
In order to solve a health problem, it may sound a bit obvious to say you first need to know what it is. A diagnosis. What may not be so obvious is that one of the biggest, and perhaps less appreciated challenges, in global health today is the lack of complete, accurate and comparable health data.
May 16, 2014
In sub-Saharan Africa, the burden of schistosomiasis – a disease caused by water-borne parasitic worms – disproportionately affects females. What’s more, it may explain why women uniquely account for a greater percentage of people living with HIV/AIDS in Africa.
April 25, 2014
It’s well known that malaria is a major killer of children in sub-Saharan Africa, but it also causes substantial suffering, especially among children and the elderly.
April 18, 2014
Visualizing the different ways that alcohol impacts people’s health across regions also highlights how data can help policymakers choose approaches for combatting harmful alcohol use that make the most sense for their region. These approaches range from enforcement of drunk driving laws to alcohol taxes and programs to screen and treat alcoholics and discourage binge drinking.
April 11, 2014
These analyses indicate that if donors invest more global health dollars in Western and Central Africa as they have elsewhere on the continent, it may translate to accelerated health progress in these regions.
April 4, 2014
When the global health community talks about neglected tropical diseases, they’re really not exaggerating. Ask someone about HIV, malaria, or maybe even tuberculosis – they might know something about it. But trypanosomiasis? Not so much.
It may be hard to believe, but traffic accidents and vehicle emissions kill more people worldwide than AIDS.
April 1, 2014
Nationally, in 1996, 27% of American men were daily smokers (this is also known as prevalence of daily smoking). Sixteen years later, in 2012, prevalence dropped to 22%. Similar progress was found among American women, with rates of daily smoking falling from 22% to 18% between 1996 and 2012.
March 31, 2014
The significant progress made against child mortality around the world over the last two decades is frequently cited as one of the biggest success stories of international development. Much more remains to be done, but it’s worth looking at what we know – and don’t know – about this propitious decline in child deaths.
March 24, 2014
March 24 is World TB Day, and organizers are calling for a “global effort to find, treat, and cure” everyone who has tuberculosis (TB) and to “accelerate progress toward eliminating TB for good.”
March 14, 2014
In Seattle, I often take walking – and getting to my destination safely – for granted. When I’m not bussing somewhere or riding my bike as a means of transport, it’s all on my two feet to get me from A to B. Aside from dodging the occasional cyclist or texting-while-walking offender, I rarely feel as if I’m at-risk of bodily harm.
Mental health problems have a profound impact on men and women worldwide, but the toll of these diseases weighs most heavily on women. Worldwide, depression is responsible for more healthy years lost than HIV/AIDS or malaria in women of all ages.
March 5, 2014
This week I had the opportunity to help launch the results from an impact evaluation assessing district-level trends in intervention coverage and child mortality in Zambia. One of the most striking results – for both IHME researchers and colleagues in Zambia – was the country’s remarkable scale-up of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF), or solely breastfeeding children for the first six months of life.
March 4, 2014
With the welcome decline in extreme poverty worldwide, many nations that once had to worry most about hunger now are struggling to combat the harm of over-eating, eating the wrong things and lack of physical activity.