IHME currently estimates the burden of more than 300 diseases, injuries, and risk factors in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) as part of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study. This study found that KSA faces a growing epidemic of non-communicable diseases and road injuries. In 2010, the main causes of death were ischemic heart disease, stroke, and road injury. The leading causes of disease burden this same year were depression for females and road injuries for males. In 2010, the top risk factor for disease burden in both sexes was high body mass index. The KSA GBD study highlighted the need for interventions to address the major drivers of disease burden as well as the value of enlisting help from the community and other sectors of the government beyond the Ministry of Health, such as the transportation sector.
To better inform local health planning and policymaking, IHME and the Ministry of Health (MOH) of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia plan to estimate disease burden in each province in the country. Data from the Saudi Health Interview Survey, the Saudi Health Interview Census, and the MOH, as well as data from IHME’s health data repository – the largest of its kind in the world – will help inform this analysis.
*Data sources used to estimate causes of death include data from systematic reviews of the literature, vital registration data, household surveys, hospital admissions, population-based cancer registries, census data and other administrative sources. For more information about the methodology used, refer to the Lancet paper “Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010.”