Air pollution adversely affects health in much of the world. Outdoor air pollution has several components, including various gases as well as tiny particles of solids or liquids that are suspended in the air, often called ambient particulate matter. Ambient particulate matter pollution is the ninth-leading cause of premature death and ill health worldwide.
IHME’s Disease Expenditure (DEX) project, funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, adds a financial dimension to IHME’s Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study. The GBD study provides estimates of health burden by disease and injury, age, and sex over time for 188 countries. Fitting alongside this framework, the DEX project produces regular health spending estimates for these same categories. This research allows for comparability between health burden and health spending across countries and time.