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Publication date: 
February 29, 2020

Objective

To compare a multidimensional care package for pre‐eclampsia/eclampsia in Central American health facilities, before and after implementation of the Salud Mesoamérica Initiative.

Methods

An evaluation study was conducted at 67 basic‐ and comprehensive‐level health facilities serving the poorest areas in Honduras, Nicaragua, and Belize. Cases of severe pre‐eclampsia or eclampsia were randomly sampled and relevant quality of care data extracted from medical records at baseline (n=111) from January 1, 2011, to March 31, 2013, and at second‐phase follow‐up (n=249) from June 1, 2015, to September 30, 2017. The primary outcome was evidence of the delivery of multidimensional care for the management of pre‐eclampsia/eclampsia.

Results

The care of 360 women with severe pre‐eclampsia or eclampsia was analyzed. Odds of multidimensional care for pre‐eclampsia management (P =0.271) increased (although not significantly) in the second‐phase follow‐up compared to baseline. Multidimensional care was significantly associated with training (P <0.001), basic‐level facilities (P <0.001), and higher in Honduras (P =0.001) and Belize (P =0.024) than the reference country of Nicaragua.

Conclusion

Multidimensional care for pre‐eclampsia management increased across all facility types, countries, and severity of disease. The Salud Mesoamérica Initiative is a promising model for achieving such quality of care interventions in the era of universal health coverage.

Citation: 

Kamath AM, Johanns CK, Thom MG, Cogen RM, Rios-Zertuche D, Mokdad AH, Hernandez B. Assessing multidimensional care coverage for pre‐eclampsia in the era of universal health coverage: A pre–post evaluation of the Salud Mesoamérica Initiative. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. 29 February 2020. doi:10.1002/ijgo.13131.