Ischemic heart disease (IHD) was responsible for 8.1 million deaths in 2013, the most recent year estimated, which was 14.8% of deaths worldwide. IHD was the leading cause of death globally among men and women in both 1990 and 2013. In 2013, it was responsible for nearly half of all deaths from cardiovascular disease, causing as many deaths as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes mellitus, cirrhosis, lung cancer, and liver cancer combined. There was an increase of 42% in the number of IHD deaths since 1990. The number of men dying from IHD was consistently higher than the number of women during this time period, and there was a larger relative increase in IHD deaths among men than among women. However, IHD is responsible for a slightly higher percentage of deaths among women than among men because of significantly more IHD deaths among women aged ≥80 years.