In this working paper, we review past work on health inequalities and propose concrete ways in which countries can implement systems to measure, monitor and ultimately reduce inequalities in health. Especially over the last decade, researchers and government health officials have debated the optimal ways to measure health inequalities and which aspects of health should be monitored. Ranging from how to define ‘health inequality’ to what metrics are most appropriate, these deliberations are important but none are as imperative as instituting ways through which measured health data inform policies, shape health program priorities and ultimately assist with the reduction of inequalities.


Gakidou E, Fullman N. Monitoring health inequalities: measurement considerations and implications. University of Queensland: Health Information Systems Knowledge Hub. 2012 Oct; 20.