Congenital heart disease is a large, rapidly emerging global problem in child health. Without the ability to substantially alter the prevalence of congenital heart disease, interventions and resources must be used to improve survival and quality of life.
Despite declining age-standardized incidence and mortality, sepsis remains a major cause of health loss worldwide and has an especially high health-related burden in sub-Saharan Africa.
This study shows that the burden of falls is substantial. Investing in further research, fall prevention strategies, and access to care is critical.
While health loss from road injuries is a major topic of global importance, there has been no recent comprehensive assessment that includes estimates for every age group, sex and country over recent years. These findings indicate that more research is needed to better understand how road injuries can be prevented.
The objective of this study was to estimate the global incidence, prevalence and years lived with disability (YLDs) due to facial fractures and to estimate the leading injurious causes of facial fracture.
Vietnam has been one of the fastest-growing world economies in the past decade. It is of interest to evaluate the trends in injury burden that occurred alongside Vietnam’s economic growth in the past decade.
Findings from this study may be used by the federal, provincial, and local governments in Nepal to prioritize injury prevention as a public health agenda and as evidence for country-specific interventions.
Despite remarkable declines over the study period, many low- and middle-income countries remain far from the ambitious World Health Organization Global Nutrition Targets to reduce stunting by 40% and wasting to less than 5% by 2025. Large disparities in prevalence and progress exist across and within countries; our maps identify high-prevalence areas even within nations otherwise succeeding in reducing overall child growth failure prevalence. By highlighting where the highest-need populations reside, these geospatial estimates can support policy-makers in planning interventions that are adapted locally and in efficiently directing resources towards reducing CGF and its health implications.
The aim of this study was to examine the association between disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) from injury for 195 countries and territories at different levels along the development spectrum between 1990 and 2017 based on the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2017 estimates.
Our objectives were to assess the prevalence and geographic distribution of AMR in Salmonella enterica serovars Typhi and Paratyphi A infections globally, to evaluate the extent of the problem, and to facilitate the creation of geospatial maps of AMR prevalence to help targeted public health intervention.
Here, we use travel time to link facilities and populations at risk of viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) and identify spatial variation in these respective preparedness demands.
Educational attainment is an important social determinant of maternal, newborn, and child health. Here we expand on the available precision SDG evidence by estimating the subnational distribution of educational attainment, including the proportions of individuals who have completed key levels of schooling, across all low- and middle-income countries from 2000 to 2017.
Mental disorders are among the leading causes of non-fatal disease burden in India. In this report, we describe the prevalence and disease burden of each mental disorder for the states of India, from 1990 to 2017.
A systematic understanding of population-level trends in deaths due to road injuries at the subnational level over time for India's 1.4 billion people, by age, sex, and type of road user is not readily available; we aimed to fill this knowledge gap.
The incidence and mortality of injuries that result from fire, heat, and hot substances affect every region of the world but are most concentrated in middle- and lower-income areas.
The purpose of this article is to share a collated MERS-CoV database and extraction protocol that can be utilized in future mapping efforts for both MERS-CoV and other infectious diseases.
Podoconiosis is a type of elephantiasis characterised by swelling of the lower legs. It is often confused with other causes of tropical lymphedema and its global distribution is uncertain. Here we synthesise the available information on the presence of podoconiosis to produce evidence consensus maps of its global geographical distribution.
Regular monitoring of the health-related Sustainable Development Goals is important for fostering a shared notion of accountability for results, identifying important gaps in resources and rates of progress, and taking into account emerging challenges that can influence the trajectory of progress.
Through a comprehensive analysis of Italy's estimates from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2017, we aimed to understand the patterns of health loss and response of the health care system, and offer evidence-based policy indications in light of the demographic transition and government health spending in the country.
The Nordic countries have commonalities in gender equality, economy, welfare, and health care, but differ in culture and lifestyle, which might create country-wise health differences. This study compared life expectancy, disease burden, and risk factors in the Nordic region.
To better inform programs and policies focused on preventing and treating LRIs, we assessed the contributions and patterns of risk factor attribution, intervention coverage, and sociodemographic development in 195 countries and territories by drawing from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2017 (GBD 2017) LRI estimates.
With this analysis, we provide updated results on diarrheal disease mortality among children younger than 5 years from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2017 (GBD 2017) and use the study’s comparative risk assessment to quantify trends and effects of risk factors, interventions, and broader sociodemographic development on mortality changes in 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2017.
Blood transfusions are an important resource of every health care system, with often limited supply in low-income and middle-income countries; however, the degree of unmet need for blood transfusions is often unknown.
The burden of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is rising globally, with substantial variation in levels and trends of disease in different countries and regions. We report the prevalence, mortality, and overall burden of IBD in 195 countries and territories between 1990 and 2017.
Understanding the current burden of stomach cancer and the differential trends across various locations is essential for formulating effective preventive strategies. We report on the incidence, mortality, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) due to stomach cancer in 195 countries and territories from 21 regions between 1990 and 2017.