Knowing the patterns and trends in causes of death by age and sex in a population is critical to understanding how to target interventions to maximize population health. Approximately 44% of the world’s population has their births and deaths recorded in a vital registration system, leaving a huge portion of the population for which cause of death is unknown.
IHME examines how public resources for domestic health spending relate to incoming development assistance from external sources, tracks national aggregates of out-of-pocket expenditures on health, and researches the composition of resources that are relevant to policymaking. We examine whether the distribution of global health resources reflects current global health priorities by classifying resources according to their disease focus, the health system function that they attempt to strengthen, the type of input, and the target population.
Proven interventions can improve population health only if they reach those who need them. IHME's Impact Evaluation research develops new and improved methods to evaluate the impact of programs or interventions based on empirical evidence, and conducts impact evaluations to determine the effect a health program had on a target population.
The research will inform policymakers and researchers on the prevalence of risk factors in a population. With this information, targeted interventions can be created to address a population’s most pressing health issues.
Social determinants of health are the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work, and age, and they play a key role in determining a population's health.
In the United States, males and females are living longer than in the past, but their progress lagged behind that of their peers in other wealthy countries. As the US population grows older, the number of years Americans can expect to live with disability from causes such as depression and low back and neck pain has increased.