The number of deaths in each age and sex group for countries, regions, and the world is a critical starting point for assessing the Global Burden of Disease (GBD). A careful estimation of deaths and mortality rates by age and sex is essential to assess progress, improve health, and extend the lives of people around the world. Information about mortality rates and causes of death at different ages, especially premature mortality, is also an important impetus for public policy action.
For this year’s World AIDS Day, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) is calling for heightened efforts to end AIDS by 2030. To achieve this ambitious goal, UNAIDS has implored its global and country partners to look beyond traditional models of program implementation and service delivery. The report, On the Fast-Track to end AIDS by 2030: Focus on location and population, emphasizes an area of particular promise, a mechanism to optimize HIV service delivery: improving program efficiency.
The Global Burden of Disease: Generating Evidence, Guiding Policy – East Asia and Pacific Regional Edition presents regional findings for the East Asia and Pacific region and summarizes intraregional differences in diseases, injuries, and risk factors. The report finds that countries in the East Asia and Pacific region show mixed progress in combating health challenges. Published by the World Bank and IHME, the report is based on the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2010 (GBD 2010), a collaborative effort of researchers from 50 countries around the world led by IHME at the University of Washington.
The Global Burden of Disease: Generating Evidence, Guiding Policy – Sub-Saharan Africa Regional Edition compares regional trends for sub-Saharan Africa and highlights intraregional differences in diseases, injuries, and risk factors. The publication gives a mixed picture of health in the region, which shows progress as well as growing challenges. Published by the World Bank and IHME, the report is based on the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2010 (GBD 2010), a collaborative effort of researchers from 50 countries around the world led by IHME at the University of Washington.
In nearly every major cause of premature death – from ischemic heart disease to diabetes to interpersonal violence – the United States trails its economic peers, according to new research from a global collaborative of scientists led by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington.
In this paper, results on years lost due to premature mortality (YLLs) and years lived with disability (YLDs) are combined to examine the overall burden of disease across 291 diseases and injuries by country for the period 1990 to 2010.
The goal of this research was to estimate deaths and years of lives lost (YLLs) by age, sex, and region for 235 causes at two points in time – 1990 and 2010. This information can be used to better inform global efforts to assess whether society is or is not making progress in reducing the burden of premature – and especially avoidable – mortality.
The number of women dying from pregnancy-related causes has dropped by more than 35% in the past 30 years – from more than a half-million deaths annually in 1980 to about 343,000 in 2008, according to a new study by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington and collaborators at the University of Queensland.
People are living much longer worldwide than they were two decades ago, as death rates from infectious diseases and cardiovascular disease have fallen, according to a new, first-ever journal publication of country-specific cause-of-death data for 188 countries.
Detailed assessments of mortality patterns, particularly age-specific mortality, represent a crucial input that enables health systems to target interventions to specific populations. Understanding how all-cause mortality has changed with respect to development status can identify exemplars for best practice. To accomplish this, the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016) estimated age-specific and sex-specific all-cause mortality between 1970 and 2016 for 195 countries and territories and at the subnational level for the five countries with a population greater than 200 million in 2016.
Online tools to be launched by Bill Gates and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation reveal surprising picture for health in 187 countries.
How do input data become GBD estimates? Walk through the estimation process for mortality trends for children and adults for 195 countries and territories using the Mortality visualization. See source and comparative data and step through the stages in the estimation process to reveal the final mortality estimates from 1950 to 2017.
Dr. Binagwaho is using Global Burden of Disease data to improve the health of Rwandans in two major ways: directly, by using GBD results to prioritize policy and health focus areas, and collaboratively, by training Ministry of Health staff to better understand these measures and metrics, and by sharing data collected locally to improve GBD estimates.
Analyze updated data about the world’s health levels and trends from 1990 to 2017 in this interactive tool using estimates from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study. Compare causes and risks within a country (now at the US state-level), compare countries with regions or the world, and explore patterns and trends by country, age, and gender.
For the past few months, IHME has been collaborating with the prestigious JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association on a series of infographics, beginning with one on HIV mortality, incidence, and prevalence, and most recently mortality rates in children under 5 years of age. The IHME-JAMA infographics have proven highly successful; “When and Why People Die in the United States, 1990-2013,” published in January 2016, has already garnered more than 27,000 views.
Promoting male partner involvement to improve maternal and child survival.
Improving survival and extending the longevity of life for all populations requires timely, robust evidence on local mortality levels and trends. The Global Burden of Disease 2015 study (GBD 2015) provides a comprehensive assessment of all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes in 195 countries and territories from 1980 to 2015. These results informed an in-depth investigation of observed and expected mortality patterns based on sociodemographic measures.
Monitoring levels and trends in premature mortality is crucial to understanding how societies can address prominent sources of early death. The Global Burden of Disease 2016 Study (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of cause-specific mortality for 264 causes in 195 locations from 1980 to 2016. This assessment includes evaluation of the expected epidemiological transition with changes in development and where local patterns deviate from these trends.
The Arab world has a set of historical, geopolitical, social, cultural, and economic characteristics and has been involved in several wars that have affected the burden of disease. Moreover, financial and human resources vary widely across the region. We aimed to examine the burden of diseases and injuries in the Arab world for 1990, 2005, and 2010 using data from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2010 (GBD 2010).