Life expectancy improved for both men and women in the United States, at an average of 3.5 years gained since 1990. But at the same time a number of diseases, including chronic kidney disease and Alzheimer's disease, claimed more lives in the United States in 2013 than in 1990.
Fewer people dying but more live with disability. Mental health disorders, pain, and injuries hindering people’s health. Obesity and high blood sugar replacing lack of food as leading risks.
From left to right, you can see the top 25 causes ranked by total DALYs worldwide. The Size of the bars up or down reflects the percent changes from 1990 to 2010.
Little is known about survival outcomes of HIV patients on first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) on a large-scale in India, or facility level factors that influence patient survival to guide further improvements in the ART program in India. We examined factors at the facility level in addition to patient factors that influence survival of adult HIV patients on ART in the publicly-funded ART program in a high- and a low-HIV prevalence state.
The International AIDS Conference will take place July 18-22, 2016, in Durban, South Africa. The premier gathering for those working in the field of HIV, policymakers, persons living with HIV, and individuals committed to ending the pandemic, the conference will present new scientific knowledge a...
This detailed report includes data on mortality trends for more than 180 countries over two decades. Researchers at IHME, working in collaboration with researchers at the University of Queensland, gathered vital registration data, censuses, surveys, and other sources to create datasets that were more than twice as large as those available for previous studies on maternal and child mortality.
To better inform national health policy, it is critical to understand the major health problems in the United States and how they are changing over time. Using data from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2010 (GBD 2010), researchers compared health outcomes in the US with those of the 34 countries in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
In the Middle East and North Africa, heart disease, stroke, and diabetes are causing a massive amount of premature death and disability. People in Latin America and the Caribbean are living longer on the whole, yet they face increasing threats from chronic diseases. Mortality has declined in many South Asian countries, yet the number of deaths by non-communicable diseases and self-harm has skyrocketed since 1990.
Child deaths cut nearly in half since 1990, maternal deaths by almost a quarter. Pace accelerated after Millennium Development Goals were set, yet few countries on track to meet ambitious targets.
How did life expectancy and probability of death change between 1990 and 2015 in 195 countries? Examine changes in life expectancy and see how causes contributed to changes in life expectancy. Explore the probability of death by cause, location, sex, and year. Analyze healthy life expectancy (HALE) by sex, location, and year.
This brief presents findings for Uganda from the 2014 Gavi Full Country Evaluations (FCE) Annual Dissemination Report. It reflects content from the 2014 Annual Dissemination Report.
The Gavi Full Country Evaluations (FCE) are prospective studies covering the period 2013-2016 that aim to understand and quantify the barriers to and drivers of immunization program improvement, with emphasis on the contribution of Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance in Bangladesh, Mozambique, Uganda, and Zambia. This third annual dissemination report complements previous reports by providing key findings and recommendations for the 2015 evaluation period in the four evaluation countries.
The GBD 2015 study shows that, from 1990 to 2015, the world as a whole has been undergoing an epidemiological transition. The nature of that transition is discussed in this report.
Just 20 conditions make up more than half of all spending on health care in the United States, according to a new comprehensive financial analysis that examines spending by diseases and injuries.
The 22 countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) have large populations of adolescents aged 10–24 years. These adolescents are central to assuring the health, development, and peace of this region. Using data from the Global Burden of Disease study 2015 (GBD 2015), we report the leading causes of mortality and morbidity for adolescents in the EMR from 1990 to 2015.
Following the economic crisis in Greece in 2010, the country's ongoing austerity measures include a substantial contraction of health care expenditure, with reports of subsequent negative health consequences. The findings of increases in total deaths and accelerated population aging call for specific focus from health policymakers to ensure the health care system is equipped to meet the needs of the people in Greece.
The Global Burden of Disease: Generating Evidence, Guiding Policy provides an overview of the reasons why the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) is an essential tool for evidence-based health policymaking and summarizes the main findings of the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2010 (GBD 2010). GBD 2010 is the most comprehensive study of its kind, producing comparative metrics for 291 different causes of premature death and disability across 187 countries, 20 age groups, and both sexes for three time periods: 1990, 2005, and 2010. The study also estimated 67 potentially preventable causes of ill health, or risk factors, such as smoking, high blood pressure, and household air pollution.
China has seen striking declines in child mortality and an increase in life expectancy due to rapid demographic and epidemiological changes in the past few decades, yet dietary risks, tobacco use, and the rise of non-communicable diseases such as cancer pose risks to continued improvements in health.
China made substantial gains in health over the past two decades, including increases in life expectancy, reductions in child mortality, and declines in infectious diseases such as tuberculosis and lower respiratory infections. But with that success accompanies the growth of non-communicable diseases and risk factors such as tobacco use and high blood pressure, which could overwhelm the health system.