What is the purpose of this research?
Exposure to smoking is harmful to health, and we want to better understand exposure to tobacco in select communities and how best to measure exposure to tobacco. Participants can help us by sharing information regarding thoughts, perceptions, and exposure to tobacco products. We want to learn how people who live or work in the study communities view tobacco as well as their level of exposure to tobacco.
What is involved in participating in this study?
If you have been selected to take part in this study, you will be contacted either via SMS, via telephone, via a household visit, or via a retail outlet at which tobacco is sold. A brief survey will take place based on the survey mode for which you have been selected:
- SMS survey: Respondents are asked to take part in a brief survey via text message regarding thoughts, perceptions, and exposure to tobacco.
- Telephone survey: Respondents are asked take part in an interview over the phone regarding thoughts, perceptions, and exposure to tobacco.
- Biomarker and household survey: Respondents are asked to provide a saliva sample to measure tobacco exposure, followed by a brief interview regarding thoughts, perceptions, and exposure to tobacco.
- Retail audit: Field teams collect data on tobacco brands and sales at the various types of retail outlets selling tobacco products.
Who is eligible for these research surveys? Why are you asking me to participate?
For the SMS, household, and telephone surveys, we ask Lusaka, Zambia, and Accra, Ghana, residents between the ages of 18 and 29 to take part in this research based on a random sample of the community. For the household interview, we also include respondents between the ages of 13 and 17.
What are the risks of participating in this research?
There is a risk that you may share some personal or confidential information by chance, or that you may feel uncomfortable talking about some of the topics. However, we do not wish for this to happen. You do not have to provide a saliva sample or answer any question if you feel the question is too personal, or if talking about the question makes you uncomfortable.
What are the benefits of taking part in this research?
SMS participants will receive a small compensation in the form of airtime credit for taking part in the survey. Your participation could help improve how tobacco exposure is measured and help improve policies to control tobacco exposure in your community. There will be no direct benefit for telephone and household survey participants aside from the opportunity to contribute to research.
Do I have a choice to participate in this research?
Yes, participation is completely voluntary. You may decline enrollment or ask to withdraw at any time. If you have concerns about this, have further questions, or wish to withdraw, please feel free to contact us via email:
Lusaka: [email protected]
Accra: [email protected]
General: [email protected]
What will be done with my personal information if I participate?
All of the information you provide will be confidential and anonymous and it will only be shared with the research team.
What will be done with the results of this research?
The results we obtain from this research will be shared with the Ministry of Health in respective countries where data are collected. Analyses of the results of this research may be published in a scientific journal. None of your personal information will be shared outside the research team.