Publication date: 
October 20, 2015

This Visualizing Health Metrics infographic, based on the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013, provides information about HIV incidence, mortality, and prevalence between 1990 and 2013. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study is the largest and most comprehensive effort to date to measure epidemiological trends worldwide. HIV prevalence increased markedly between 1990 and 2013. Between 1997 and 2013, the number of new HIV infections decreased 2.7% annually, and HIV-related deaths declined 3.1% annually between 2005 and 2013. Nigeria and South Africa were the countries with the most HIV cases in the world in 2013. Countries with the fastest rates of decline in HIV mortality included India, Jamaica, and Rwanda. HIV interventions have saved an estimated 19.1 million years of life between 1990 and 2013.

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Leach-Kemon K; Shepard D; O’Rourke K; et al. HIV Worldwide 1990-2013. JAMA. 2015;314(15):1552. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12936