This Visualizing Health Metrics infographic, based on the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 and published in JAMA, provides information on mortality for children and adolescents from four age groups, including both sexes, from 1990 to 2013. The top causes of death in developed versus developing countries, as well as mortality rates by World Health Organization (WHO) region, are illustrated. In developed countries in 2013, the top cause of death for children under 1 was congenital anomalies, while in developing countries it was preterm birth complications. Sudden infant death syndrome was the fifth-highest cause of death for children under 1 in developed countries. In contrast, road injuries ranked highly across several age groups in both developed and developing countries. From 1990- 2013, mortality rates for children and adolescents declined in every WHO region. However, disparities in mortality rates persisted across WHO regions. Notably, mortality rates in the African region remained the highest relative to all other regions for every year from 1990 to 2013.
Laurie Marczak, PhD; Kevin O’Rourke, MFA; Dawn Shepard, BA; et al. Mortality in Children and Adolescents, 1990-2013. JAMA. 2016;315(19):2055. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5891