Global Burden of Disease (GBD)

The GBD study is the largest and most comprehensive effort to quantify health loss across places and over time, so health systems can be improved and disparities eliminated.

607 billion+ Highly standardized and comprehensive estimates of health outcome and health system measures.
459 Health outcomes and risk factors, providing a powerful basis for insights on global health trends and challenges.
204 Countries and territories, plus dozens of sub-national locations show trends at regional, national, and local levels.
11,000+ Individuals from over 160 countries and territories collaborate in vetting GBD data sources and estimates.

GBD 2021 capstones

Scientific Publication

Global fertility in 204 countries and territories, 1950-2021, with forecasts to 2100

During the period from 1950 to 2021, global fertility rates more than halved, falling to just above replacement level.

Scientific Publication

Global age-sex-specific mortality, life expectancy, and population estimates in 204 countries and territories and 811 subnational locations, 1950–2021, and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic

The profound impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on populations worldwide has underscored the need for timely estimates in order to understand this unprecedented event within the context of long-term population health trends.

Scientific Publication

Global burden of 288 causes of death and life expectancy decomposition in 204 countries and territories and 811 subnational locations, 1990–2021

The leading causes of age-standardised deaths globally were the same in 2019 as they were in 1990; in descending order, these were, ischaemic heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and lower respiratory infections.

Interactive data visuals

Interactive Data Visual

GBD Compare

Analyze updated data about the world’s health levels and trends from 1990 to 2021 from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study.

Interactive Data Visual

GBD Results

View and download estimates of the world’s health from 1990 to 2021.

Interactive Data Visual

Epi Visualization

Explore data inputs and epidemiological estimates from the GBD 2021 project.

Interactive Data Visual

GBD Cancer Compare

Analyze updated data the world’s health levels and trends from 1990 to 2021 from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study with a focus on Nonmelanoma Skin Cancers (NMSCs) and cancers without NMSCs aggregates.

Infographics and videos

Explore our library of infographics and videos to help you quickly share impactful stories to improve global health.


Learn more about GBD findings through health policy reports and peer-reviewed publications.

Scientific Publication

Global, regional, and national burden of gout, 1990–2020, and projections to 2050

GBD data sources

Review and retrieve all GBD data sources from the Global Health Data Exchange (GHDx), the world's largest health data catalog.

Download GBD data

Download estimates generated from studies published in scientific journals, for all rounds of GBD from 2010 to present.