Global Burden of Disease 2019 disease, injury, and impairment summaries
These two-page summaries offer a concise overview of causes, impairments, and risk factors modeled in GBD and the health loss related to them. The summaries include a summary results statement; a definition of the disease, injury, impairment, or risk; and a brief listing of modeling updates in GBD 2019 compared to previous GBD rounds. Tables and figures display metrics for each topic. Please use the menus below to select your topic of interest. To learn more about what the summaries include, please visit these pages:
Suggested citation: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME). GBD 2019 Cause and Risk Summary: [CAUSE/RISK/IMPAIRMENT NAME]. Accessed [INSERT DATE]). Seattle, USA: IHME, University of Washington, 2020.
Summary In 2019, there were 19·5 million (95% UI 14·9–24·8) cases and 117 000 deaths (53 500–212 000) due to whooping cough (pertussis) globally. Death rates were highest in children aged 28–364 days, but declined in this population by 56·1% (21·0–75·7) between 1990 and 2019. Definition Pertussis...Read more
Summary The global burden of yellow fever in 2019 was 290 000 DALYs (95% UI 107 000–598 000) and 4280 deaths (1590–8840). Definition Yellow fever is an arbovirus that causes febrile illness that in some cases progress to severe jaundice, haemorrhage, and death. Yellow fever is a notifiable disease...Read more
Summary The global burden of Zika virus disease in 2019 was 347 DALYs (95% UI 256–455). Definition Zika is a mosquito-borne virus that causes a mild febrile illness. In rare cases, Guillain-Barré syndrome or death can result. Congenital Zika syndrome represents a group of birth defects associated...Read more
Summary In 2019, zinc deficiency was responsible for 259 000 DALYs (95% UI 66 900–597 000) and 2810 deaths (697–6530). Definition Zinc deficiency is defined as zinc consumption (in mg/day) less than 2–3 mg from all dietary sources. Total sources Exposure 28 Relative risk 20 Table 1 : Total sources...Read more