In the years leading up to the recent worldwide economic downturn, global resources for improving health grew rapidly in low- and middle-income countries. In addition to the bilateral agencies, multilateral organizations, public-private partnerships, non-governmental organizations, and development banks that previously dominated the international aid scene, several new global health players emerged, including the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation; Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance; and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.
Now, more than ever, objective, comparable, and comprehensive information on national and international financial resources from all of the different funding channels is necessary to make the best decisions about where to invest and to understand the kind of impact investments are making. While previous research on global health resource flows yielded some important estimates and findings, it did not provide comprehensive and systematic estimates of development assistance for health (DAH) over an extended period of time.
IHME's Health Financing research tracks these different financial streams to estimate DAH from 1990 to the current year. We also examine how public resources for domestic health spending relate to incoming development assistance from external sources, track national aggregates of out-of-pocket expenditures on health, and research the composition of resources that are relevant to policymaking. We examine whether the distribution of global health resources reflects current global health priorities by classifying resources according to their disease focus, the health system function that they attempt to strengthen, the type of input, and the target population. These results can be viewed using our Financing Global Health data visualization.
Financing Global Health 2016 is the eighth edition of IHME’s annual series on global health spending and health financing. In addition to describing the trends in development assistance for health (DAH), this year’s report features an expanded discussion of domestic spending across low-, middle-, and high-income countries to describe the context in which DAH operates, identify health financing gaps, and support the pursuit of universal health coverage.
Explore patterns of global health financing flows from 1990 to 2015. View trends in development assistance for health (DAH) with interactive bar charts, maps, and scatterplots. Explore DAH levels and changes over time by source, channel, recipient region, and health focus area. 2015 Innovation: Breakdown by program within health focus areas.
Estimates of future spending can be beneficial for policymakers and planners, and can identify financing gaps. In this study, we estimate future gross domestic product (GDP), all-sector government spending, and health spending disaggregated by source, and we compare expected future spending to potential future spending.
In this study, we further explore global health financing trends and examine how the sources of funds used, types of services purchased, and development assistance for health disbursed change with economic development.
Spending on health care by nations is expected to increase significantly over the next two decades, but the rates of increase and sources of spending will differ widely, according to a new analysis.