In the years leading up to the recent worldwide economic downturn, global resources for improving health grew rapidly in low- and middle-income countries. In addition to the bilateral agencies, multilateral organizations, public-private partnerships, non-governmental organizations, and development banks that previously dominated the international aid scene, several new global health players emerged, including the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation; Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance; and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.
Now, more than ever, objective, comparable, and comprehensive information on national and international financial resources from all of the different funding channels is necessary to make the best decisions about where to invest and to understand the kind of impact investments are making. While previous research on global health resource flows yielded some important estimates and findings, it did not provide comprehensive and systematic estimates of development assistance for health (DAH) over an extended period of time.
IHME's Health Financing research tracks these different financial streams to estimate DAH from 1990 to the current year. We also examine how public resources for domestic health spending relate to incoming development assistance from external sources, track national aggregates of out-of-pocket expenditures on health, and research the composition of resources that are relevant to policymaking. We examine whether the distribution of global health resources reflects current global health priorities by classifying resources according to their disease focus, the health system function that they attempt to strengthen, the type of input, and the target population. These results can be viewed using our Financing Global Health data visualization.
Financing Global Health 2015 is the seventh edition of IHME’s annual series on global health financing. This report captures trends in development assistance for health (DAH) and government health expenditure as source (GHE-S) in low- and middle-income countries.
Explore patterns of global health financing flows from 1990 to 2015. View trends in development assistance for health (DAH) with interactive bar charts, maps, and scatterplots. Explore DAH levels and changes over time by source, channel, recipient region, and health focus area. 2015 Innovation: Breakdown by program within health focus areas.
Disbursements of development assistance for health (DAH) have risen substantially during the past several decades. More recently, the international community’s attention has turned to other international challenges, introducing uncertainty about the future of disbursements for DAH.
In this study, we use past trends and relationships to estimate future health spending, disaggregated by the source of those funds, to identify the financing trajectories that are likely to occur if current policies and trajectories evolve as expected.
Global inequities in health spending are expected to persist and intensify over the next 25 years, according to a new study that estimates total health financing in countries around the world.
Funding earmarked for improving maternal and child health in low- and middle-income countries has grown faster since 2010 than funding for HIV, TB, and malaria.