New HIV infections dropped by almost one-third from the epidemic peak; TB deaths declined by 3.7% between 2000 and 2013; child deaths from malaria in sub-Saharan Africa have dropped 31.5% in the past decade. Despite major progress, the quality of programs to treat HIV varies widely.
HIV/AIDS deaths dropped from a peak of more than 40,000 in 1995 to around 10,000 in 2013, and TB deaths declined at a rate of 3.7% since 2000. New TB cases are declining faster than the global average, but new HIV/AIDS cases are increasing.
Today, 2.1 billion people – nearly 30% of the world’s population – are either obese or overweight, according to a new, first-of-its kind analysis of trend data from 188 countries. The rise in global obesity rates over the last three decades has been substantial and widespread, presenting a major public health epidemic in both the developed and the developing world.
An estimated 160 million Americans are either obese or overweight. Nearly three-quarters of American men and more than 60% of women are obese or overweight. These are also major challenges for America’s children – nearly 30% of boys and girls under age 20 are either obese or overweight, up from 19% in 1980.
Since the start of an international effort to address maternal and child mortality, millions of lives have been saved globally, a new study by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington shows.
Global health funding hit an all-time high of $31.3 billion in 2013, five times greater than in 1990. Yet with 3.9% growth from 2012 to 2013, the year-over-year increase falls short of the rapid rates seen over the previous decade, according to new research by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington being published online in a web first edition on April 8 by Health Affairs.
Safer and cleaner road transport is critical for achieving health and development goals around the world, according to a new report that—for the first time—assesses the global health loss from the combined impact of road injuries and pollution that can be attributed to motorized transport.
Nationally, smoking rates have decreased since 1996, but the declines have been driven by a relatively small share of counties across the US, according to new research from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington.
Risk factors including smoking, poor diet, and lack of physical activity are taking their toll, according to a new study by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, working with the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.
New research from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) shows that verbal autopsy (VA) is a powerful and valid method for data gathering in low-resource settings and points to a newly developed tool as the analytic method of choice.
Countries in the Arab world – from Saudi Arabia to Mauritania to Yemen – have made some significant health gains over the past two decades, including increases in life expectancy and swift reductions in child mortality. These are some of the findings published January 20 in “The State of Health in the Arab World, 1990–2010: An Analysis of the Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors.”
Globally, smoking prevalence — the percentage of the population that smokes every day — has decreased, but the number of cigarette smokers worldwide has increased due to population growth, according to new research from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington.
The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) will release a new policy report, The Global Burden of Disease: Generating Evidence, Guiding Policy – European Union and Free Trade Association Regional Edition, at the 6th European Public Health Conference in Brussels.
The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington has launched the Roux Prize, a new US$100,000 award to recognize individuals or groups that have used Global Burden of Disease (GBD) data to take action that makes people healthier.
Dr. Julio Frenk, Chair of the Board of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), was awarded the 2013 Abraham Horwitz Award for Excellence in Leadership in Inter-American Public Health (Premio Abraham Horwitz a la Excelencia en Liderazgo en la Salud Pública Interamericana).
During the US-led invasion and occupation of Iraq from 2003 to 2011, for every three people killed by violence, two died as a result of the collapse of the infrastructure that supports health care, clean water, nutrition, and transportation, according to new estimates in a study from the University of Washington Department of Global Health published in the open access journal PLOS Medicine. All told, the researchers estimate that nearly a half million people died from causes that could be attributed to the war.
In the Middle East and North Africa, heart disease, stroke, and diabetes are causing a massive amount of premature death and disability. People in Latin America and the Caribbean are living longer on the whole, yet they face increasing threats from chronic diseases. Mortality has declined in many South Asian countries, yet the number of deaths by non-communicable diseases and self-harm has skyrocketed since 1990.
HIV/AIDS is the leading cause of disease burden in 21 countries concentrated in four regions: Eastern and Southern Africa, Central Africa, the Caribbean, and Southeast Asia. In another seven countries, it’s the second-leading cause of disease burden. Despite widespread declines in HIV/AIDS mortality, between 2006 and 2010 HIV/AIDS deaths increased in 98 countries.
Data on potentially modifiable causes of health loss, or risk factors, such as improved nutrition and increased physical activity can help policymakers and donors prioritize prevention strategies to achieve better population health.
The rise in physical activity levels will have a positive health impact on Americans by reducing death and chronic disability from cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. But the trend has had little impact so far on stopping the rising tide of obesity.
In nearly every major cause of premature death – from ischemic heart disease to diabetes to interpersonal violence – the United States trails its economic peers, according to new research from a global collaborative of scientists led by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington.
China made substantial gains in health over the past two decades, including increases in life expectancy, reductions in child mortality, and declines in infectious diseases such as tuberculosis and lower respiratory infections. But with that success accompanies the growth of non-communicable diseases and risk factors such as tobacco use and high blood pressure, which could overwhelm the health system.
Australians live longer, healthier lives than people in almost every other country, but a range of ailments threatens advances made in recent years, a symposium on groundbreaking data at the University of Melbourne reveals.
IHME Director Christopher Murray delivered a talk on the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2010 (GBD 2010) at TEDMED, an annual gathering of leaders and innovators in science and medicine. Using IHME’s online data visualization tools, Dr. Murray presented eye-catching data on a range of health issues in the US and other countries.
One in five Americans is completely unaware that he or she is at risk for the second leading cause of premature death: high blood pressure. In the first ever analysis of awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension for every county, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington revealed significant differences across the US.