Zika virus was discovered in Uganda in 1947 and is transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes, which also act as vectors for dengue and chikungunya viruses throughout much of the tropical world. In 2007, an outbreak in the Federated States of Micronesia sparked public health concern. In 2013, the virus began to spread across other parts of Oceania and in 2015, a large outbreak in Latin America began in Brazil. Possible associations with microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome observed in this outbreak have raised concerns about continued global spread of Zika virus, prompting its declaration as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern by the World Health Organization. We conducted species distribution modelling to map environmental suitability for Zika. We show a large portion of tropical and sub-tropical regions globally have suitable environmental conditions with over 2.17 billion people inhabiting these areas.
Messina JP, Kraemer MUG, Brady OJ, Pigott DM, Shearer FM, Weiss DJ, Golding N, Ruktanonchai W, Gething PW, Cohn E, Brownstein JS, Khan K, Tatem AJ, Jaenisch T, Murray CJL, Marinho F, Scott TW, Hay SI. Mapping global environmental suitability for Zika virus. eLife. 2016 Apr 19. doi: 10.7554/eLife.15272.