Updated November 21, 2022

The MICROBE (Measuring Infectious Causes and Resistance Outcomes for Burden Estimation) tool visualizes the fatal and nonfatal health outcomes of infections, pathogens, and antimicrobial resistance across different countries and regions. The tool shows a novel estimation method, previously published in The Global burden of bacterial antimicrobial resistance in 2019, including the burden of infections and their underlying pathogens, as well as, the burden of pathogens that are both susceptible and resistant to antibiotics. This tool is useful for understanding the burden of these outcomes, as well as illustrating how they nest together. The tabs explore different health outcomes by geography, age and sex. All tabs include a bar visualization for comparison, as well as a map view for a global perspective.

Open data visual


Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), University of Oxford. MICROBE. Seattle, WA: IHME, University of Washington, 2022. Available from https://vizhub.healthdata.org/microbe/. (Accessed [INSERT DATE])

Browser notes

  • Use the latest version of Chrome, Edge, Safari, or Firefox.
  • Use Ctrl+0 to reset the browser zoom. Sometimes having the browser zoomed in or out interferes with the layout or a few mouse-dependent properties.
  • If the visualization isn't loading or looks distorted, try clearing your cache. See http://www.wikihow.com/Clear-Your-Browser's-Cache for pointers.


Scientific Publication

The burden of antimicrobial resistance in the Americas in 2019