United States (US) health
About $4.3 trillion of the $10.0 trillion spent on health globally is in the US. Despite this huge investment, there are still wide disparities in health and health spending across the country. Our research aims to understand and address this.
Photo by Kevin Lamarque, Reuters.
Nationally, life expectancy increased from 2000 to 2019 among the Asian, Black, Latino, and White populations (with largest increases in Black populations), but did not increase for the American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) population.
Life expectancy and the magnitude of racial-ethnic disparities in life expectancy varied widely among counties. For all groups, improvements in life expectancy were more widespread across counties and larger from 2000 to 2010 than from 2010 to 2019.
CVD mortality varied widely by state and race and ethnicity group in 2019.
- More than 25 million people died of cardiovascular diseases.
- The mean age of individuals was 78.
- 13 million (51.5%) were female and 12 million (48.5%) were male.
- Almost 3 million (11.5%) were Black, 1 million (4.6%) were Hispanic, and 21 million (83.9%) were White.
The lowest standardized death rates were in Hawaii and New Hampshire and the highest in Arizona and Washington, DC.
A lower poverty rate, more years of education, and a greater number of people expressing interpersonal trust were statistically associated with lower infection and death rates. States where larger percentages of the population identify as Black (non-Hispanic) or Hispanic were associated with higher cumulative death rates.