Global burden of cardiovascular diseases and risks, 1990-2022

Published December 11, 2023, in Journal of the American College of Cardiology (opens in a new window)


Age-standardized cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality rates by region ranged from 73.6 per 100,000 in High-income Asia Pacific to 432.3 per 100,000 in Eastern Europe in 2022. Global CVD mortality decreased by 34.9% from 1990 to 2022. Ischemic heart disease had the highest global age-standardized DALYs of all diseases at 2,275.9 per 100,000. Intracerebral hemorrhage and ischemic stroke were the next highest CVD causes for age-standardized DALYs. Age-standardized CVD prevalence ranged from 5,881.0 per 100,000 in South Asia to 11,342.6 per 100,000 in Central Asia. High systolic blood pressure accounted for the largest number of attributable age-standardized CVD DALYs at 2,564.9 per 100,000 globally. Of all risks, household air pollution from solid fuels had the largest change in attributable age-standardized DALYs from 1990 to 2022 with a 65.1% decrease.

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Mensah GA, Fuster V, Murray CJL, et al. Global burden of cardiovascular diseases and risks, 1990-2022. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 11 December 2023. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2023.11.007.