Diet plays a significant role in non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer. As policy, economic, social, and environmental forces change diets over time, our work allows policymakers and others to explore the link between components of diet and population health. 

Photo by Filip Milovac.

3rd highest risk group contributing to the global burden of disease in 2019, following high blood pressure and tobacco.
1.9 million deaths globally were attributable to high-sodium diets in 2019.
22% of all adult deaths in 2017 were associated with poor diet, with cardiovascular disease as the leading cause of death associated with diet.

Interactive data visuals

GBD Compare

Compare the impact of various dietary risks like high sodium, low whole grains, and more.

Burden of Proof

Explore the strength of evidence behind various health outcomes associated with diets high in red meat and low in vegetables.

Datasets in our catalog

Visit the Global Health Data Exchange (GHDx) to download our estimates and view data sources for measuring dietary risks.

Scientific Publication

Health effects associated with vegetable consumption


Scientific Publication

Health effects associated with vegetable consumption: a Burden of Proof study



Healthy eating saves lives

Healthier diets could save one in five lives every year. Poor diet causes more deaths than any other risk factor. Most diet-related deaths are caused by eating too much sodium and not enough whole grains and fruit.


Health topic

Alcohol use