Snakebite envenoming is an important cause of preventable death. The World Health Organization (WHO) set a goal to halve snakebite mortality by 2030.
We used verbal autopsy and vital registration data to model the proportion of venomous animal deaths due to snakes by location, age, year, and sex, and applied these proportions to venomous animal contact mortality estimates from the Global Burden of Disease 2019 study.
In 2019, 63,400 people (95% uncertainty interval 38,900–78,600) died globally from snakebites, which was equal to an age-standardized mortality rate (ASMR) of 0.8 deaths (0.5–1.0) per 100,000 and represents a 36% (2–49) decrease in ASMR since 1990. India had the greatest number of deaths in 2019, equal to an ASMR of 4.0 per 100,000 (2.3—5.0).
We forecast mortality will continue to decline, but not sufficiently to meet WHO’s goals. Improved data collection should be prioritized to help target interventions, improve burden estimation, and monitor progress.
Gregory Roth, Catherine Johnson, Benjamin Stark, Christian Razo, Jason Anderson, Katrin Burkart, Kaleb Coberly, Xiaochen Dai, Mohammed Hassen, Stephen Lim, Tomislav Mestrovic, Ali Mokdad, Christopher J.L. Murray, Mohsen Naghavi, Hasan Nassereldine, Quinn Rafferty, Dereje Yohannis Yada, Simon Hay
Han Wunrow, Rose Bender, Hmwe Hmwe Kyu, Mohsen Naghavi, Christopher J.L. Murray, Simon Hay, Avina Vongpradith, Sarah Sirota, Lucien Swetschinski, Amanda Novotney, Authia Gray, Kevin Ikuta, Eve Wool, Aleksandr Aravkin, Katrin Burkart, Xiaochen Dai, Lalit Dandona, Rakhi Dandona, Regina-Mae Dominguez, Mohammed Hassen, Stephen Lim, Tomislav Mestrovic, Ali Mokdad, Hasan Nassereldine, Bobby Reiner, Theo Vos, Dereje Yohannis Yada, Peng Zheng